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Humanitarian and Compassionate (H & C)

Humanitarian and Compassionate Applications

Humanitarian and Compassionate Applications, or “H & Cs,” applications are for people who are not necessarily eligible to apply for any other immigration programs or have lost their status in Canada.When deciding on a H&C Grounds case, the officer not only determined if you meet the eligibility criteria for the program. In fact, the officer considers extreme hardship include the best interests of children, family reunification, availability of health or medical care and establishment in Canada, including employment, business, assets, finances and community support.

H&C application is basically a last resort when all other possible applications have not succeeded.

H & C Requirements

You may use this category to apply for permanent residence from within Canada on humanitarian and compassionate grounds (H&C) if you:

  • are a foreign national currently living in Canada;
  • need an exemption from one or more requirements of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA);
  • believe humanitarian and compassionate considerations justify granting the exemption(s) you need; and
  • are not eligible to apply for permanent residence from within Canada in any of these classes: Spouse or Common-Law Partner, Live-in Caregiver, Protected Person and Convention Refugees, Temporary Resident Permit Holder, Federal Skilled Worker, Express Entry etc.

Types of H&C Applications

There are two different ways to submit a Humanitarian and Compassionate Grounds Application.

1. you may submit a regular application package to the immigration authorities, but you include all H&C documents in the package. Make sure to mention you are requesting an exemption under the H&C grounds.

2. If you are already in Canada, then you may prepare a standalone H&C application and then submit it to the local processing centre responsible for such applications. The current processing centre responsible for H&C cases is in Vancouver, British Columbia.

The H&C application is only for people already in Canada. It does not stop your removal from Canada. Reality check: Not many applications are accepted. You must show very compelling evidence.